For a more inclusive moral point of view
The functionings approach aims to expand the scope of moral consideration. Instead of characterizing those who are the object of moral concern as rational and autonomous beings, it describes them as diverse functional systems. In selecting a given system's functional integrity as the focus for ascribing moral value, the functionings approach sets aside all other aspects that distinguish us from other existing entities or forms of life. In this regard, justifying the inclusion of a being in the scope of moral consideration ceases to be our main difficulty, which now becomes knowing what would be required for the full realization of each functional system ̶̶ ̶ a challenge to be overcome by human knowledge of the world in which we all exist.